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美国商务部长对华为模糊解禁可做买卖 但拒绝移出黑名单

时间:2019-07-16
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July 10th, the old horse US Secretary of Commerce Ross said on Tuesday that China's telecom giant Huawei is still on the blacklist, will allow US companies to sell products to Huawei without compromising national security. But there are still questions about which products will pass critical issues such as review.

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US Secretary of Commerce Ross speaks at the 22nd Annual Global Meeting of the Milken Institute in Beverly Hills, California, USA

The Associated Press reported that US President Trump announced at the G20 summit in Japan last month that if it does not involve national security, US companies will be allowed to sell equipment to Huawei. In May of this year, the US Department of Commerce listed Huawei as a “list of entities” on the grounds of national security. US companies cannot sell products and technologies to Huawei without a license.

Ross confirmed at an event on Tuesday that he would be in a position to relax the ban on Huawei. He said: "In order to implement the instructions of the President at the G20 summit two weeks ago, the Ministry of Commerce will issue licenses without threatening US national security."

However, Ross pointed out that Huawei will remain on the “list of entities”, which means that US companies may refuse to apply for a license. The new policy will not change the scope of the project that requires a license.

The US semiconductor industry is vigorously lobbying the US government to allow non-sensitive products to be sold to Huawei on the grounds that a comprehensive ban will harm the interests of US companies. Shortly after Huawei was listed on the “list of entities”, the Ministry of Commerce issued a temporary general license to allow the company to purchase equipment to maintain the existing network and provide software updates for existing Huawei phones. The license will expire on August 19th, but may be postponed.

Paul Triolo, head of technology at the research group Eurasia Group, told VOA that the US ban has had a huge impact on Huawei and the global supply chain.

xx“该禁令可能会损害华为的消费者和基础设施业务,也可能会破坏5G等先进技术的国际标准制定过程。这一行动的全球影响是巨大的,”Terrio说。

然而,罗斯的言论缺乏明确性,并没有明确解释哪些产品将通过审查。专门从事出口管制的律师Timothy P. O'Toole告诉VOA,该行业只能通过提交许可申请来确定哪些产品不会危害美国的国家安全。 “这可能仍取决于申请人的业务。该部提交了申请。”

特朗普政府希望通过放宽对华为的限制来促进美中谈判。白宫高级经济顾问库德洛周二表示,尽管美国政府不会购买华为零部件,但它允许私营部门进行交易。

Kudlow说:“就私人市场而言,我称之为普通商品。我们已经打开了大门,商务部放宽了许可要求,因为不会产生国家安全影响或后果。”

他还说,没有时间表确保中国购买美国农产品。这是美国放松对华为限制的意愿的关键。如果中国不履行承诺或贸易谈判遇到新障碍,特朗普政府可能会改变其对华为的决定。

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